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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae

18. Notholirion Wallich ex Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 190. 1882.

假百合属 jia bai he shu

Liang Songyun (梁松筠 Liang Song-jun); Minoru N. Tamura

Herbs perennial, bulbiferous. Bulb narrowly ovoid or cylindric; tunic black-brown, scarious; bulbels many, with several fleshy scales and hard tunics. Stem erect, stout, glabrous or subglabrous. Leaves basal and cauline, alternate, sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate. Inflorescence a terminal raceme, few to many flowered; bracts linear. Flowers bisexual, campanulate to funnelform; pedicel usually rather short. Tepals 6, free, usually blue, purple, or red. Stamens 6, inserted at base of tepals; filaments filiform, slightly widened toward base; anthers dorsifixed, versatile, ellipsoid to narrowly so. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules many per locule. Style columnar, rather long, slender; stigma 3-lobed, lobes slightly recurved. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds many, flat, narrowly or scarcely winged all round.

Five species: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim; SW Asia (Iran, Iraq); three species in China.

1 Plants 18--35 cm tall; raceme 2--4(--6)-flowered; cauline leaves 4--8(--17) mm wide   3 Notholirion macrophyllum
+ Plants 60--150 cm tall; raceme 10--24-flowered; cauline leaves 10--25 mm wide.   (2)
2 (1) Tepals pale purple or blue-purple, 2.5--3.6 × 0.8--1.2 cm   1 Notholirion bulbuliferum
+ Tepals red, dark red, pink, or sometimes red-purple, 3.5--5 × 1--2 cm   2 Notholirion campanulatum

Lower Taxa


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