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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

92. Gentiana gilvostriata C. Marquand, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1931: 83. 1931.

黄条纹龙胆 huang tiao wen long dan

Gentiana gilvostriata var. stricta C. Marquand.

Perennials 1-7 cm tall. Stolons to 10 cm, much branched. Stems erect, simple, densely papillate. Leaves apically crowded into a rosette; petiole 3-6 mm, slender, abaxially ciliolate and papillate; leaf blade oblanceolate, spatulate, or obovate, 5-7 × 2-4 mm, base narrowed, margin smooth or ciliolate, apex rounded; vein 1, abaxially distinct. Flowers solitary or to 3 and crowded. Calyx obconic; tube 1-1.2 cm, membranous, outside sometimes papillate; lobes orbicular-spatulate, 2.5-3.5 mm, herbaceous, base contracted into a tongue, margin ciliolate, apex rounded, midvein indistinct. Corolla pale bright blue, with pale yellow base and blue stripes, streaks, and spots, campanulate, 3-3.5(-4.5) cm; lobes broadly ovate, 5-7 mm, margin entire or denticulate, apex acute; plicae broadly ovate, 1.5-2.5 mm, margin denticulate, apex obtuse to rounded. Stamens inserted just below middle of corolla tube; filaments 1.6-2 cm, unequal; anthers narrowly ellipsoid, 1.5-2.5 mm. Style 7-9 mm; stigma lobes linear. Capsules ellipsoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.3-1.5 cm; gynophore to 2 cm. Seeds light brown, ellipsoid to subglobose, 0.8-1 mm; seed coat with spongy complex pits. Fl. and fr. Aug-Nov.

Grassland slopes, forests; 3000-3900 m. SE Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, NE Myanmar].


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