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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

70. Gentiana himalayaensis T. N. Ho in T. N. Ho & S. W. Liu, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London (Bot.). 23: 57. 1993.

喜马拉雅龙胆 xi ma la ya long dan

Gentiana nubigena Edgeworth var. parviflora C. B. Clarke (1883), not G. parviflora Gilg (1896).

Perennials 4-7 cm tall. Rhizomes short, slender. Stems 1 or 2, ascending to erect, simple, glabrous. Basal leaves in 1 or more erect rosettes; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm; leaf blade oblong, narrowly elliptic, elliptic, or rarely ovate, 1.5-2(-3) cm × 2-7 mm, base narrowed, apex acute to obtuse, veins 3. Stem leaves 2 or 3 pairs; petiole to 1 cm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to oblong, 1.5-3 cm × 2-4 mm, base narrowed, apex obtuse, vein 1. Flowers terminal, solitary, sessile or subsessile. Calyx tubular, 1.2-1.4 cm; lobes erect, lanceolate to oblong, 4-8 mm, unequal, margin ciliolate, apex acute. Corolla dark blue, tubular to tubular-funnelform, 1.5-2 cm; lobes semiorbicular, 1.5-2 mm, margin denticulate, apex rounded; plicae obliquely truncate, margin denticulate. Stamens inserted at basal part of corolla tube; filaments 1-1.2 cm; anthers narrowly ellipsoid, ca. 2.5 mm. Capsules ellipsoid, 1.7-2 cm; gynophore to 2 cm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct.

Grassy and stony hillsides; 4000-4200 m. S and SE Xizang [Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim].


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