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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Convolvulaceae | Ipomoea

3. Ipomoea fimbriosepala Choisy in A. de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 359. 1845.

齿萼薯 chi e shu

Aniseia hastata Meissner; A. stenantha (Dunn) Ling ex R. C. Fang & S. H. Huang; A. stenantha var. macrostephana Y. H. Zhang; Ipomoea setifera Poiret var. fimbriosepala (Choisy) Fosberg; I. stenantha Dunn.

Herbs twining, with glabrous or hirsute axial parts. Stems glabrous or nodes hirsute. Petiole 1-5 cm, sometimes minutely tuberculate; leaf blade cordate-sagittate to narrowly hastate, 5-12 X 1-6 cm, glabrous, apex acuminate, mucronulate; lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs. Inflorescences axillary, 1- to few flowered; peduncle 5(-9) cm or shorter; bracts 2, ± ovate, 0.5-1.5 cm, glabrous. Pedicel angular, 1.3-3.5 cm. Sepals unequal; outer 3 larger, attenuate-ovate to lanceolate, 1.5-2.2 cm, margin incurved, apex mucronate, strongly 3-keeled abaxially, keels toothed basally, glabrous. Corolla purplish to red, with a darker center, narrowly funnelform, 2.5-4 cm, glabrous. Stamens included; filaments pilose below middle. Ovary conical, glabrous. Style filiform, ca. 5 mm; stigma capitate, 2-lobed. Capsule pale brown outside, whitish inside, ovoid to globose, 1-1.5 cm. Seeds black-brown, ovoid, ca. 5 mm, densely tomentellous.

Grasslands. Fujian, Guangdong, Zhejiang [New Guinea; Africa, North America (Mexico), Pacific Islands, South America]

Ipomoea fimbriosepala is very similar in all respects to I. setifera Poiret, which is reported to have corollas 6-7 cm long and wider leaves. Chinese specimens come nearer to the descriptions for the former species. Fosberg (Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 36: 24. 1977) reduced I. fimbriosepala to a variety of I. setifera, but Austin (Fl. Venezuela 8(3): 159. 1982) maintained it as a distinct species. Ipomoea stenantha is placed here in the synonymy of I. fimbriosepala for the first time.


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