All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 4 Page 17 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Pinus

9. Pinus tabuliformis Carrière, Traité Gen. Conif., ed. 2. 1: 510. 1867.

油松 you song

Trees to 25 m tall; trunk to over 1 m d.b.h.; bark grayish brown or dark gray, scaly; crown flat topped; 1st-year branchlets light grayish brown, light brown, or yellowish brown, thick, glabrous; winter buds oblong, slightly resinous. Needles 2(or 3) per bundle, dark green, semiorbicular in cross section, 6-15 cm × 1-1.5 mm, resin canals 5-9, marginal, rarely 1 or 2 median, base with persistent sheath initially 1-2 cm. Pollen cones 5-9 mm. Seed cones shortly pedunculate, initially green, turning yellowish brown to brown at maturity, ovoid to ovoid-globose, 2.5-9 × 4-9 cm, usually persistent for a few years. Seed scales suboblong-obovate, 1.6-2 × ca. 1.4 cm; apophyses swollen, broadly or irregularly rhombic, ridged or not, cross keeled; umbo protruding into a spine. Seeds pale brown, mottled, ovoid or narrowly so, 6-8 × 4-5 mm (1.5-1.8 cm including wing). Pollination Apr-May, seed maturity Oct of 2nd year.

Hills, mountains; 100-2600 m. Gansu, Hebei, Henan, W Hubei, Hunan, S Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan [Korea]

The timber is used for construction, poles, mine timber, ship building, and furniture. The trunk can be used as a source of resin, the bark for tannin, and the needles for medicine.

1 Seed cones ovoid-globose, 2.5-5 cm; apophyses slightly swollen; needles slender, 7-12 cm × ca. 1 mm, pliant; 1st-year branchlets usually glaucous   9d var. henryi
+ Seed cones ovoid, 4-9 cm; apophyses obviously swollen; needles stout, 6-15 cm × 1.2-1.5 mm, stiff; 1st-year branchlets not glaucous or glaucous only when very young.   (2)
2 (1) Trunk monopodial only toward base, branched in middle part; crown flabellate   9c var. umbraculifera
+ Trunk monopodial; crown conical when young, flat topped at maturity.   (3)
3 (2) Bark gray or brown-gray toward base of trunk, red-brown toward apex, pale brown inside   9a var. tabuliformis
+ Bark dark gray   9b var. mukdensis

Lower Taxa


Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |