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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Calendula

1. Calendula officinalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 921. 1753.

金盏菊 jin zhan ju

Herbs, annual, 20-75 cm tall, usually branched from base, green, ± glandular pubescent. Basal leaves oblong-obovate or spatulate, 15-20 cm, margin entire or remotely denticulate; stem leaves oblong, oblong-lanceolate, or oblong-obovate, 5-15 × 1-3 cm, ± amplexicaul, margin inconspicuously repand-denticulate, apex obtuse, rarely acute. Capitula 4-5 cm in diam.; phyllaries lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, outer slightly longer than inner, acuminate. Ray florets yellow or orange, ca. 2 × as long as involucre, lamina up to 4-5 mm wide. Disk florets with triangular-lanceolate lobes. Achenes curved, yellowish or brownish, outer half-curved, often aculeate rostrate at apex, lateral-winged ridge irregularly rugose. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jun-Oct.

Cultivated as an ornamental in parks and gardens of China [native origin unknown].


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