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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Surianaceae | Suriana

1. Suriana maritima Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 284. 1753.

海人树 hai ren shu

Shrubs or small trees, 1-3 m tall. Branches pubescent, with partially capitate glandular setae when young; branchlets dense, often with scar. Leaves with very short petiole, often fascicled at ends of branchlets; leaf blade somewhat fleshy, narrowly oblanceolate, 25-35 × ca. 5 mm, base gradually narrow, margin entire, apex obtuse; veins inconspicuous. Cymes axillary, 2-4-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 4-9 × 1-1.5 mm, pubescent; pedicel ca. 1 cm, pubescent. Sepals ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 5-10 × 2-4 mm, pubescent. Petals yellow, imbricate, obovate, oblong, or rounded, with short claw, deciduous. Filaments basally villous, ca. 5 mm. Carpels hairy, obovoid to globose; styles glabrous, ca. 5 mm; stigma small but conspicuous. Drupe pubescent, subglobose, ca. 3.5 mm, with persistent basifixed style. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Aug-Oct.

Sandy places, gaps among stones on beaches. Guangdong (Xisha Qundao), Taiwan [tropical coasts throughout the world].


 

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