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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae | Barnardia

1. Barnardia japonica (Thunberg) Schultes & J. H. Schultes in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 555. 1829.

绵枣儿 mian zao er

Ornithogalum japonicum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 328. 1784; Barnardia alboviridis (Handel-Mazzetti) Speta; B. bispatha (Handel-Mazzetti) Speta; B. borealijaponica M. Kikuchi) Speta; B. pulchella (Kitagawa) Speta; B. scilloides Lindley; B. sinensis (Loureiro) Speta; O. sinense Loureiro; Scilla alboviridis Handel-Mazzetti; S. bispatha Handel-Mazzetti; S. borealijaponica M. Kikuchi; S. chinensis Bentham, nom. illeg. (included B. scilloides); S. chinensis var. mounsei H. Léveillé; S. japonica Baker (1873), not Thunberg (1784); S. scilloides (Lindley) Druce; S. scilloides f. albida Y. N. Lee; S. scilloides var. alboviridis (Handel-Mazzetti) F. T. Wang & Y. C. Tang; S. scilloides var. mounsei (H. Léveillé) McKean; S. scilloides var. pulchella (Kitagawa) Kitagawa; S. sinensis Merrill (1919), not S. chinensis Bentham (1861); S. sinensis var. pulchella (Kitagawa) Kitagawa; S. thunbergii Miyabe & Kudô; S. thunbergii var. pulchella Kitagawa.

Bulb ovoid to globose, 2--5 × 1--3 cm; tunic blackish brown. Leaves usually 4 or 5, (10--)15--40 cm × 2--9 mm, soft, smooth. Scape longer than leaves. Raceme (2--)7--20 cm, densely many flowered; bracts narrowly lanceolate. Pedicels 5--12 mm. Perianth segments rose purple, pink, or white, obovate, elliptic, or narrowly elliptic, 2.5--4 × ca. 1.2 mm, slightly connate and discoid at base. Stamens 2--3.5 mm; filaments sublanceolate, papillose-puberulent or glabrous. Ovary 1.5--2 mm, papillose-puberulent; ovules 1 or 2 per locule. Style 1--1.3 mm. Capsule subobovoid, 3--6 × 2--4 mm. Seeds 1--3, 2.5--5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul--Nov. 2 n = 16, 18, 26, 27, 34*, 35, 36, 43.

Forest margins, hillsides, open slopes, grasslands; near sea level to 2600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Japan (including Ryukyu Islands), Korea, E Russia].


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