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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae | Lilium

2. Lilium martagon var. pilosiusculum Freyn, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 224. 1890.

新疆百合 xin jiang bai he

Lilium martagon subsp. pilosiusculum (Freyn) E. Pritzel; L. pilosiusculum (Freyn) Misczenko.

Bulb broadly ovoid, ca. 5 mm in diam.; scales oblong, 2--2.5 cm × 8--10 mm, apex acute, not articulate. Stem with purple streaks, 45--90 cm, glabrous. Leaves whorled, rarely scattered, lanceolate, 6.5--11 × 1--2 cm, abaxially sometimes with white hairs. Bracts 2--4 cm × 5--6 mm, with white hairs in axil, at margin, and abaxially. Flowers 2--7 in a raceme, nodding. Tepals purple-red, spotted, narrowly elliptic, 3.2--3.8 cm × 8--9 mm, abaxially with white, curly, long hairs; nectaries papillose on both surfaces. Filaments 2.2--2.4 cm; anthers ca. 9 mm. Ovary 8--9 × 2--3 mm. Style ca. 1.5 cm. Capsule obovoid-oblong. 2--2.8 cm. Fl. Jun--Jul, fr. Aug.

Forests, thickets, shady slopes; 200--2500 m. N Xinjiang [Mongolia, Russia].

Rudolf Kamelin (pers. comm.) believes that Lilium martagon var. martagon, which differs in having glabrous tepals, also occurs in China. Its distribution extends westward to Europe.


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