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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae | Lilium

44. Lilium tigrinum Ker Gawler, Bot. Mag. 31: t. 1237. 1809.

卷丹 juan dan

Bulb broadly subglobose, 4--8 cm in diam.; scales white or yellowish white, broadly ovate, 2.5--3 × 1.4--2.5 cm. Stem streaked with purple, 0.8--1.5(--2) m, minutely white woolly, sparsely papillose proximally. Leaves scattered, sessile, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, (3--)6.5--9(--18) × (0.5--)1--1.8 cm, white woolly, 5--7-veined, axil with bulblets (on distal leaves), margin papillose, apex acuminate. Flowers 3--6(--20) in a raceme, horizontal to nodding. Tepals vermilion, with dark purple spots; outer ones lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 6--10 × 1--2 cm; inner ones broadly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, slightly wider; nectaries papillose and with fimbriate projections on both surfaces, densely so proximally on adaxial surface. Stamens diverging; filaments light red, 5--7 cm, glabrous; anthers ca. 2 cm. Ovary 1.5--2 cm. Style 4.5--6.5 cm. Capsule (in diploid plants) narrowly ovate-oblong, 3--4 cm. Fl. Jul--Aug, fr. Sep--Oct. 2 n = 24*, 36.

Thickets, grassy slopes, hillsides, river banks; 400--2500 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guangxi, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

Lilium tigrinum is widely cultivated in China for its edible bulbs and medicinal uses.


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