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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Marantaceae | Phrynium

2. Phrynium oliganthum Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. 23: 239. 1923.

少花柊叶 shao hua zhong ye

Phrynium dispermum Gagnepain.

Plants 1--1.6 m tall. Basal leaves 4 or 5; leaf sheath 30--55 cm. Cauline leaf 1; leaf sheath 5--10 cm; petiole yellow-green, 20--50 cm, pulvinus 3--9 cm; leaf blade elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 25--55 × 10--25 cm, glabrous, base rounded to obtuse and shortly and abruptly attenuate, apex obtuse with an acumen. Inflorescence sessile, composed of 2--6 readily distinguishable spikes, capitate, obovoid, 8--12 × 6--7 cm; bracts olive green, elliptic, 3.5--5 × ca. 3 cm, glabrous or basally pilose, apex spreading, obtuse, soon withered and turning brown. Flowers yellowish. Sepals lanceolate, ca. 1.5 cm. Corolla tube white, ca. 1.3 cm; lobes strongly reflexed, reddish purple, oblong, ca. 1 cm. Outer staminodes yellow, obovate, ca. 4 mm, unequal, shorter than corolla lobes, wider one emarginate at apex; cucullate and callose staminodes yellow at apex. Fertile stamen ca. 3 mm, with a yellow, petaloid appendage. Ovary ca. 4 mm, light brown sericeous. Fruit ellipsoid to obovoid-ellipsoid, 1.3--1.5 × 0.7--0.9 cm; pericarp brown, shiny, dry and brittle. Seeds 2(or 3), ellipsoid, 7--9 mm. Fl. Apr--Aug.

Moist shady areas in forests; 500--600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan [Vietnam].


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