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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 8 | Saxifragaceae | Ribes

15. Ribes nigrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 201. 1753.

黑茶藨子 hei cha biao zi

Botrycarpum nigrum (Linnaeus) A. Richard; Grossularia nigra (Linnaeus) Ruprecht; Ribes cyathiforme Pojarkova; R. pauciflorum Turczaninow ex Ledebour.

Shrubs 1-2 m tall. Branchlets pubescent when young, glabrescent. Buds brown or yellowish brown, oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid, (3-)4-7 mm, pubescent, apex acute. Petiole 1-4 cm, pubescent, rarely sparsely glandular, sometimes plumose hairy near base; leaf blade suborbicular, 4-9 × 4.5-11 cm, abaxially pubescent and yellow glandular, adaxially puberulent when young, glabrescent, base cordate; lobes 3-5, broadly triangular, margin irregularly coarsely sharply serrate, apex acute; terminal lobe somewhat longer than lateral ones. Racemes arching or nodding, 3-5(-8) cm, 4-12-flowered; rachis and pedicels pubescent, often sparsely yellow glandular; bracts lanceolate or ovate, 1-2 mm, pubescent. Fowers bisexual, 5-7 mm in diam.; pedicel 2-5 mm. Calyx yellowish green to pinkish, pubescent and yellow glandular; tube subcampanulate, 1.5-2.5 mm; lobes spreading or reflexed, ligulate, 3-4 mm. Petals ovate to ovate-elliptic, 2-3 mm. Stamens subequaling petals; anthers ovoid, apex with nectary. Ovary sparsely pubescent and glandular. Style not equaling stamens, 2-lobed, rarely subentire. Fruit black, subglobose, 0.8-1(-1.4) cm, sparsely glandular. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug.

Naturalized in coniferous or mixed forests on slopes, moist valleys, ditch banks. Heilongjiang, NE Nei Mongol, N Xinjiang [native to Europe].


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