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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Caryophyllaceae | Lychnis

6. Lychnis senno Siebold & Zuccarini, Fl. Jap. 1: 98. 1839.

剪红纱花 jian hong sha hua

Agrostemma bungeana D. Don; Lychnis bungeana (D. Don) Fischer ex Lindley; Silene bungeana (D. Don) H. Ohashi & H. Nakai.

Herbs perennial, 50--100 cm tall, pilose with sparse multicellular eglandular hairs. Roots caespitose, pale yellow, narrowly cylindric, slightly fleshy. Stem solitary, simple or branched above. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, (4--)8--12 × 2--3 cm, both surfaces pubescent, ciliate at margin, base cuneate, apex acuminate. Dichasium many flowered. Pedicel 2--5(--15) mm; bracts lanceolate, pubescent. Flowers 3.5--5 cm in diam. Calyx tubular to narrowly funnel-shaped, (2--)2.5--3 cm × 2.5--3.5 mm, slightly inflated in fruit, pilose at veins; teeth triangular, 2--4 mm. Petal limb deep red, triangular-obovate, irregularly parted into numerous incised-dentate lobes; claw often exceeding calyx, narrowly cuneate, glabrous. Stamens and styles included; anthers dark purple. Androgynophore 1--1.5 cm. Capsule ellipsoid-ovoid, 1--1.5 cm, protruding from calyx tube. Seeds red-brown, reniform, ca. 1 mm, tuberculate. Fl. Jul--Aug, fr. Aug--Sep. 2n = 24*.

Sparse forests, scrub grasslands, also extensively cultivated; 100--2000 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan].


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