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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Caryophyllaceae | Silene

25. Silene suaveolens Turczaninow ex Karelin & Kirilov, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 15: 168. 1842.

细裂蝇子草 xi lie ying zi cao

Melandrium griffithii (Boissier) Rohrbach; M. suaveolens (Turczaninow ex Karelin & Kirilov) Schischkin; M. viscosum (Linnaeus) Celakovsky f. suaveolens Krylov; Silene griffithii Boissier; S. viscosa (Linnaeus) Persoon f. multifida Krylov.

Herbs biennial, rarely perennial, 30--80 cm tall, densely pubescent and viscid throughout. Stems sparsely caespitose, erect, simple. Basal leaves oblanceolate, base attenuate into long petiole, withered at anthesis; cauline leaves sessile, lanceolate, 3--8 cm × 3--30 mm, apex acuminate. Flowers in a racemiform thyrse. Pedicel 3--5 mm; bracts lanceolate, small. Calyx tubular-club-shaped, 1.4--2 cm × ca. 3 mm, densely pubescent, viscid, longitudinal veins not prominent; calyx teeth triangular, short, margin membranous, ciliate, apex obtuse. Androgynophore 2--3 mm, pubescent. Petals exserted beyond calyx, 1.5--2 cm; claws narrowly cuneate, ciliate, auricles not prominent; limbs white, multilobed, lobes linear; coronal scales absent. Stamens prominently exserted, to 2.5 cm; filaments ciliate. Styles exserted. Capsule globose-ovoid, 1--1.2 cm, shorter than calyx. Seeds reniform, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Jun--Jul, fr. Jul--Aug.

Xinjiang [Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan].

This species is very closely related to Silene quadriloba, differing mainly in the multilobed petals.


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