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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Artocarpus

11. Artocarpus xanthocarpus Merrill, Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17: 10. 1904.

黄果波罗蜜 huang guo bo luo mi

Trees to 8 m tall. Branchlets pale red to ± blackish when young, cylindric, slightly wrinkled, 1.5-3 mm thick, appressed-puberulent, glabrescent. Petiole 0.5-2 cm; leaf blade green, pale brown, or pale green when dry, obovate-elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 5.5-20 × 2.5-9 cm, glabrous, base cuneate to rounded, margin entire, apex acuminate to caudate with a cauda to 3 cm; midvein abaxially prominent, secondary veins 6-11 on each side of midvein and curved, tertiary veins reticulate. Inflorescences axillary, solitary or paired. Male inflorescences globose to obovoid, 3-6 × 3-4 mm; peduncle 2-3 mm, pubescent; bracts small, petiolate, margin ciliate, apically shield-shaped. Female inflorescences capitate; bracts shield-shaped. Male flowers: calyx tubular, apically 2-lobed; filament apically narrowed; anther ellipsoid. Female flowers: style exserted 0.8-1 mm, papillate. Fruiting syncarp yellow when mature, whitish to reddish brown when dry, ± globose, developing into 2 elongated lobes, smooth, glabrous or sparsely tomentose. Calyx and hypocarp adnate and fleshy and enclosing a few drupes; peduncle 6-11 mm, pubescent; bracts few, persistent. Drupes ellipsoid, ca. 4 mm in diam.

Taiwan (Lan Yu) [Indonesia (Kalimantan), Philippines].


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