10. Aster marchandii H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 306. 1912.
短冠东风菜 duan guan dong feng cai
Herbs, perennial, 0.6-2 m tall; rhizomes robust. Stems erect, sparsely to moderately puberulent. Leaves reduced upward, abaxially pale green, both surfaces scabrous, eglandular, slightly rugose, 3- or 5-veined, margin scabrous; basal leaves withered by anthesis, petiole 9-17 cm, blade ovate, 7-13 × 7-11.5 cm, base cordate, margin serrate, teeth mucronate, apex acute to subrounded; middle cauline leaves narrowly winged petiolate, broadly ovate to ovate, base truncate; upper cauline leaves winged shortly petiolate, ovate, base cuneate, decurrent. Capitula in corymbiform synflorescences, 2.5-4 cm in diam.; peduncles 10-50 mm, glabrate to densely puberulent, eglandular or stipitate glandular; bracts linear. Involucres broadly campanulate, 6-8 mm in diam.; phyllaries 3-seriate, subequal, lanceolate-oblong; outer phyllaries 3-3.5 × 1-1.5 mm, abaxially glabrous or glabrate, apex rounded or obtuse, rarely margin ciliate; outer phyllaries green, herbaceous, base thickened, margin very narrowly scarious; inner phyllaries herbaceous, margin narrowly scarious; innermost phyllaries scarious. Ray florets 9-19, white, 5-7 mm, tube ca. 3 mm, lamina oblong-linear, abaxially glabrous, eglandular; disk florets 4.5-5 mm, limb abruptly enlarged, campanulate, ca. 2.5 mm, lobes spreading, triangular, ca. 2 mm, glabrous, eglandular. Achenes obovoid, slightly compressed, 2.5-3 mm, sparsely strigose to glabrate, 2-6-ribbed. Pappus 3-seriate, of few bristles, sordid white, 0.3-1.5 mm; outer bristles few, short, slender; inner bristles unequal, tapering; innermost bristles longest, sometimes weakly clavate. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Sep-Oct.
● Valleys, streamsides, fields, roadsides; 300-1400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang.
The roots, leaves, and flowering capitula of Aster marchandii are used medicinally.