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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Burseraceae | Canarium

6. Canarium bengalense Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 136. 1832.

方榄 fang lan

Trees, up to 25 m tall, ca. 1.2 m d.b.h. Branchlets 1-1.5 cm in diam., sparsely gray pubescent when young; top bud yellow pubescent. Leaves stipulate; stipules subulate, pubescent, early deciduous; leaflets 6-8(-10) pairs; blades oblong or obovate-lanceolate, 10-20 × 4.5-6 cm, adaxially glabrous, abaxially pubescent, base rounded, margin sinuate or entire, apex acuminate with acumen 10-15 mm; lateral veins 18-25 pairs. Inflorescences axillary, cymose panicles in male plants, 30-40 cm, nearly glabrous, branches 3-4 cm. Calyx ca. 2 mm. Stamens glabrous; filaments united for ca. 1/2 of length; disk tubular, 1.5-1.8 mm high, margin and abaxial surface hirsute in male flowers, annular, 3-fid, fimbriate in female flowers. Infructescences extra-axillary or axillary, 5-8 cm, 1-3-fruited; persistent calyx disk-shaped, shallowly 3-lobed, ca. 10 mm in diam. Drupe green, spindle-shaped, 3-ribbed, 4.5-5 × 1.8-2 cm, glabrous, or obovoid and 3- or 4-ribbed, apex acute, truncate or excavated; stigma persistent; cross section of pyrene acutely triangular or rounded. Fr. Jul-Oct.

Mixed forests; 400-1300 m. SW Guangxi, SE Yunnan [India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand].


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