5. Casearia graveolens Dalzell, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 107. 1852.
香味脚骨脆 xiang wei jiao gu cui
Casearia graveolens var. lintsangensis S. Y. Bao.
Trees, 10-15 m tall; terminal buds, twig tips, and branchlets glabrous. Stipules narrowly lanceolate, 5-10 mm, papery, glabrous, early caducous, on young growth leaving a large conspicuous pale brown scar; petiole 1-1.2 cm, glabrous; leaf blade broadly elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 6-15 × 4-8 cm, papery, abaxially glabrous or glabrescent, adaxially glabrous, densely set with irregularly shaped, reddish brown pellucid dots and streaks, in dried material these clearly visible at × 10 mag. without holding leaf up to light, lateral veins 10-14 pairs, arching upward, base rounded or broadly obtuse, margin shallowly serrate, crenate, very rarely repand, apex variable, broadly acute, obtuse or rounded, often contacting gradually or abruptly to a short acumen to ca. 1 cm. Flowers in few- to many flowered axillary glomerules, greenish, fetid. Pedicels 3-6 mm, articulate near base, pubescent with short semispreading hairs, more densely so below articulation; bracts ovate, ca. 2 mm, outermost bracts densely appressed hairy, striate. Sepals 5, ovate to ovate-oblong, ca. 4 mm, outside pubescent, more densely so toward base, or glabrescent, hairs semispreading and short, inside sparsely hairy, margin practically glabrous, not ciliate. Stamens 8; filaments sparsely pubescent, ca. 1.5 mm; anthers oblong, ca. 0.5 mm, connective glabrous. Disk lobes oblong, ca. 1/2 as long as stamen filaments, pubescent throughout, hairs white when dry, long. Ovary ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm, pubescent in upper half, hairs spreading; style short, hairy in lower part, stigma capitate. Capsule orange-yellow when ripe, dark reddish or blackish brown and strongly longitudinally ribbed when dried, ellipsoid-oblong, ca. 2 cm, fleshy, pericarp densely and shallowly warty, veined, cross-section and inner surface without shiny black vesicles, valves narrowly naviculate in dried state. Seeds several, when dry pale yellowish brown, ovoid, ca. 4 mm, surface smooth, enclosed in a thin, fleshy, partly fimbriate pale yellowish brown aril. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Sep-Nov.
Forests; 500-1800 m. Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam].