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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Vitaceae | Cayratia

4. Cayratia pedata (Lamarck) Jussieu ex Gagnepain, Notul. Syst. (Paris). 1: 346. 1911.

鸟足乌蔹莓 niao zu wu lian mei

Cissus pedata Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 31. 1783; Cayratia longzhouensis W. T. Wang; Columella pedata Loureiro; Lagenula pedata Loureiro.

Lianas, woody. Branchlets terete, with longitudinal ridges, sparsely pilose; tendrils bifurcate. Leaves pedately 5-foliolate; stipules brownish, ovate-lanceolate, 3-4 × 1.5-3 mm, membranous, sparsely pilose; petiole 5.5-16 cm; central petiolule 1.5-5 cm, lateral petiolules 2-4 cm, petiolules of lateral leaflet complex 1-3.5 cm, sparsely pilose; leaflets abaxially pilose, adaxially with appressed hairs, lateral veins 6-11 pairs, veinlets inconspicuously raised; central leaflet obovate-elliptic; lateral leaflets ovate-elliptic, 5-22 × 2.5-9 cm, base nearly truncate, rounded, or slightly cordate, margin with irregular teeth, apex caudate-acuminate. Corymbose polychasium axillary; peduncle 15-16 cm, with nodes, pilose. Pedicel 2-3 mm, densely pubescent. Buds oval, 2-2.5 mm, apex rounded. Calyx saucer-shaped, pubescent, entire. Petals ovate-elliptic, 1.7-2.2 mm, nearly glabrous. Anthers ovoid-elliptic, poorly developed in female flowers. Disk well developed, margin undulate. Lower part of ovary adnate to disk; style slender; stigma slightly expanded, or cylindrical in male flowers. Berry elliptic, 1.2-1.5 cm in diam., 2- or 3-seeded. Seeds semiglobose, base rounded, apex subrounded, rostrum inconspicuous, upper raphe narrow, surface smooth, ventral holes nearly rounded, 3-5 mm in diam. Fl. Jun, fr. Sep-Nov. 2n = 80.

Forests, shrublands, rocky areas, roadsides; 800-2200 m. Guangxi, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam].


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