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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Cornaceae | Cornus

16. Cornus walteri Wangerin, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 6: 99. 1908.

毛梾 mao lai

Cornus henryi Hemsley ex Wangerin; C. walteri var. confertiflora W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; C. walteri var. insignis W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; C. yunnanensis H. L. Li; Swida walteri (Wangerin) Soják; S. walteri var. confertiflora (W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu) W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; S. walteri var. insignis (W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu) W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu.

Trees 6–15 m tall. Bark dark gray, rectangularly splitting. Young branches green, ± 4-angled, densely pubescent with grayish white short trichomes; old branches yellow-green, glabrous. Leaves opposite; petiole (0.8–)3.5 cm; leaf blade light green abaxially, narrowly elliptic to broadly ovate, 4–12(–15) × 1.7–5.5(–8) cm, papery, abaxially with grayish white short appressed trichomes, scabrous, veins 4(or 5), small veins inconspicuously reticulate, base cuneate, rarely rounded or cordate, often oblique, apex shortly to long acuminate. Corymbose cymes dense, 7–9 cm wide, with short white trichomes. Pedicels 0.8–2.7 mm. Flowers fragrant, white, ca. 9.5 mm in diam. Calyx lobes triangular, ca. 0.4 mm, equal to disk. Petals oblong-lanceolate, 4.5–6 × 1.2–1.5 mm. Stamens 4.8–5 mm, equal to or longer than petals; anthers light yellow, rarely rosy red, oblong-ovoid. Style clavate, ca. 3.5 mm; stigma capitate, not broader than style. Fruit black, globose, 6–7(–8) mm in diam.; stones compressed globose, ca. 5 × 4 mm, inconspicuously ribbed. Fl. May–Jun, fr. Aug–Oct.

Mixed sparse to dense forests; 300–2500(–3000) m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.

The fruit is a source of oil, the hard wood is used for making tools, and the tree itself is planted as a street tree.


Related Objects  

Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image File (Susan Kelley)
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  • Image File (Susan Kelley)
  • Image/JPEG

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