157. Corydalis gortschakovii Schrenk, Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 100. 1841.
新疆黄堇 xin jiang huang jin
Herbs, perennial, green or glaucous, 10-40 cm tall, glabrous. Rootstock with some residual long pale petiolar bases at apex. Stems erect, ridged, simple or branched, with 1-3 leaves. Radical leaves several; petiole 5-11 cm, base long vaginate; blade oblong, 7-12 × 2-4 cm, rather thin, bipinnate; pinnae 4 or 5 pairs, shortly petiolulate; pinnules 1 or 2 pairs, sessile, ovate to obovate, deeply to shallowly cut into 3-6 obovate to oblanceolate, acute, not or only slightly overlapping lobes, 2-7 × 1.5-4 mm, slightly decurrent on midvein. Cauline leaves shortly stalked with broad petioles 1-2 cm; blade of lower cauline leaf like radical leaves or with lowest pair of leaflets distant and small; upper leaves smaller and less divided. Racemes 3-10 cm, densely 10-30-flowered; lower bracts deeply pinnatilobate, ca. 2 cm, sometimes like uppermost leaf; middle and upper ones lanceolate, 7-13 mm, entire, acuminate. Pedicel 5-12(-25) mm, sharply recurved in fruit. Sepals whitish, 0.5-1 × 1-2 mm, dentate. Corolla yellow to orange, 18-25 mm, at first erect-spreading, soon slightly nodding; outer petals with very high (to 3 mm) rounded-obtuse crest extended beyond petal apex; spur cylindric, broad and rather short, 7-11 mm; nectary extended through ca. 1/2 of spur; lower petal with broad claw, shallowly saccate; inner petals 10-12 mm. Stigma square, with confluent apical papillae, geminate papillae lateral and on pronounced basal lobes. Capsule narrowly obovoid, 10-15 × 3-4 mm, 5-10-seeded; style ca. 3 mm. Seeds in 2 rows, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., smooth. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.
Picea forest margins, stony shaded moist areas; 2100-3600 m. N Xinjiang [C Asia].