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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Papaveraceae | Corydalis

190. Corydalis kingdonis Airy Shaw, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1940: 267. 1940.

多雄黄堇 duo xiong huang jin

Corydalis wardii C. Marquand & Airy Shaw, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 48: 161. 1929, not W. W. Smith (1916).

Herbs, perennial, 15-30 cm tall, glabrous or very finely papillose; stems and petioles of radical leaves attenuate to filiform underground base. Storage roots several, fascicled, spindle-shaped, 1-3 cm × ca. 3 mm, fleshy-thickened, without distinct stalk. Radical leaves few; petiole 8-16 cm; blade glaucous abaxially, 3-6 × 2-3 cm, abaxially with prominent veins, biternate, with long thin petiolules; ultimate lobes lanceolate, acute. Stems 1-4, suberect to ascending, usually supported by shrubs, simple or branched, leafy above, rarely also in lower 1/3. Cauline leaves usually 2, alternate, like radical leaves but usually slightly larger and shortly stalked. Racemes rather lax, 4-11-flowered; bracts oblanceolate, entire or lowermost trifid, 5-10 mm, acute. Pedicel 5-10(-15) mm, recurved in fruit. Sepals to 0.5 mm, dentate. Petals yellow; inner petals with sharply contrasting dark brownish purple tip; outer petals acute with entire crest; upper petal 9-11 mm, petal lobes navicular-lanceolate, apex subacute, crest shortly decurrent on spur; spur conical, 4-5 mm; nectary 2/3-4/5 as long as spur; lower petal 6-8 mm, distal 1/2 reflexed, crest short, central part contracted, lower 1/2 obviously saccate; inner petals 5-7 mm. Capsule (immature) broadly obovoid, 5-7 × ca. 3 mm; style 2.5-3 mm; ovules 5-7, in 2 rows. Fl. Jun-Jul.

● Shrubs, meadows, moist ground; 3300-4700 m. SE Xizang (Bomi, Mainling).


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