18. Crotalaria tetragona Roxburgh ex Andrews, Bot. Repos. 9: t. 593. 1812.
四棱猪屎豆 si leng zhu shi dou
Crotalaria esquirolii H. Léveillé.
Herbs, erect, to 2 m tall. Branches 4-angled, silky pubescent. Stipules linear to linear-lanceolate, 4-5 mm. Leaves simple; petiole ca. 4 mm; leaf blade oblong-elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 10-20(-25) × 1-2.5 cm, both surfaces finely appressed pubescent, midvein abaxially pale and prominent, base broadly cuneate to obtuse, apex acute to slightly acuminate. Racemes terminal or leaf-opposed, 6-10-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 4-6 mm. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm; bracteoles inserted at apex of pedicel, linear, 3-4 mm. Calyx 2-lipped, 1.5-2.5 cm, divided to near base, densely brown pilose; abaxial lobes narrowly triangular-lanceolate, connate for ca. 1/4 of length, 4-5 mm wide at base; adaxial lobes similar, divided to near base. Corolla yellow; standard suborbicular to oblong, ca. 2.5 cm, base with 2 appendages; wings narrowly elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, ca. 2 cm; keel ± as long as wings, broad and rounded, abaxial margin woolly, beak long, twisted, and exserted beyond calyx. Legume oblong, 4-5 cm, 10-20-seeded, [dark brown tomentose or] densely brownish yellow pubescent. Fl. Sep-Nov, fr. Dec-Feb.
Sparse forests, along trails; 500-1600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, ?Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].