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86. Ficus aurantiaca Griffith, Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 394. 1854.

橙黄榕 cheng huang rong

Ficus aurantiacea var. parvifolia Corner; F. kallicarpa Miquel; F. lanyuensis S. S. Ying; F. megacarpa Merrill; F. terasoensis Hayata.

Shrubs, scandent, large, evergreen, rooting freely from stems and branches. Branchlets reddish brown, glabrous. Stipules caducous, linear-lanceolate, 5-10 mm, membranous, glabrous. Petiole 5-10 mm, scurfy; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 2.5-6.5(or longer) × 1.5-4 cm, leathery, abaxially sparsely puberulent, tessellate-punctate, adaxially subglabrous, glossy, base cuneate to obtuse, margin entire or revolute, apex acute or rounded; basal lateral veins 2, secondary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein, and abaxially prominent. Figs axillary on leafy or on leafless branchlets, solitary, paired, or clustered, yellowish orange to reddish brown, broadly ovoid to globose, 5-7 cm in diam., sparsely pubescent; peduncle 6-12 mm, thick; involucral bracts 3 or 4, thin. Male flowers: many, scattered, long-pedicellate; calyx lobes 2 or 3; stamen 1; filament long. Gall flowers: pedicellate or sessile; calyx lobes 3 or 4, linear; ovary obliquely ovoid, smooth; style slightly lateral; stigma 2-lobed. Female flowers: sessile; calyx lobes 3, linear; ovary oblong, smooth; style terminal or subterminal, slender; stigma 2-lobed.

Low elevations. S Taiwan [Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

There is a number of earlier usages of the name Ficus aurantiaca, such as Noronha (1790), but these are all nomina nuda. Berg (in litt.) suggests that this species is not separable from F. punctata.


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