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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

76. Ficus cumingii Miquel, London J. Bot. 7: 235. 1848.

糙毛榕 cao mao rong

Ficus cumingii var. terminalifolia (Elmer) Sata; F. kusanoi Hayata; F. somae Hayata; F. terminalifolia Elmer.

Shrubs or small trees, evergreen. Bark yellow or yellowish brown. Branchlets hispid, white, pale yellow, brown pubescent. Stipules triangular-lanceolate, 1-2 cm, thickly membranous. Leaves opposite to subopposite; petiole 1.5-3 cm, hispid; leaf blade elliptic to oblanceolate, 8-19 × 4-8 cm, papery, both surfaces hispid, base obtuse to oblique, margin toothed or undulate, apex acuminate to mucronate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 7 or 8 on each side of midvein, abaxially prominent, and adaxially flat. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary or paired, yellowish orange to pale red, with yellowish white spots, obovoid to ± globose, 0.8-1.5 cm in diam., scabrous, sparsely hirsute; peduncle short; involucral bracts small, membranous. Male flowers: near apical pore, pedicellate; calyx lobes 4-6, white, hairy; stamen 1 or 2. Gall flowers: shortly pedicellate or subsessile; calyx lobes 4-6, with hyaline hairs; ovary smooth; style ± lateral. Female flowers: sessile or pedicellate; calyx 4-6-lobed, apex ciliate; ovary elliptic, shortly stipitate; style long, slender; stigmas lateral, enlarged. Achenes short, ellipsoid to lenslike.

Low elevations. Taiwan (Lan Yu) [Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines].


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