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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

46. Ficus erecta Thunberg, Ficus. 5. 1786.

矮小天仙果 ai xiao tian xian guo

Ficus beecheyana Hooker & Arnott; F. beecheyana f. koshunensis (Hayata) Sata; F. beecheyana f. tenuifolia Sata; F. beecheyana var. koshunensis (Hayata) Sata; F. erecta var. beecheyana (Hooker & Arnott) King; F. erecta var. beecheyana f. koshunensis (Hayata) Corner; F. erecta f. sieboldii (Miquel) Corner; F. erecta var. sieboldii (Miquel) King; F. koshunensis Hayata; F. maruyamensis Hayata; F. sieboldii Miquel; F. tenax Blume.

Trees or shrubs, 2-7 m tall, deciduous or semideciduous. Bark grayish brown. Branchlets glabrous or densely brown tomentose. Stipules caducous, reddish brown, broadly ovate or triangular-lanceolate, ca. 1 cm, membranous, puberulous. Petiole slender, 1-4 cm, glabrous or pubescent; leaf blade obovate-elliptic, oblong, lanceolate, obovate, or narrowly obovate, 7-25 × 4-10 cm, thickly papery, glabrous or tomentose, base rounded to ± cordate, margin entire or occasionally undulate toward apex, apex shortly acuminate or acute and mucronate; basal lateral veins elongated, secondary veins 5-8(-10) on each side of midvein and apically curved. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, reddish yellow to blackish purple or red when mature, globose to pear-shaped, 1-2.5 cm in diam., glabrous or hairy, apical pore navel-like; peduncle 1-2 cm; involucral bracts ovate-triangular, glabrous or thinly pubescent. Male flowers: many scattered, subsessile to pedicellate; calyx lobes (2 or)3(-6), elliptic to ovate-lanceolate; stamens 2 or 3. Gall flowers: subsessile to pedicellate; calyx lobes 3-5, lanceolate, longer than ovary, pubescent; ovary ellipsoid-globose; style lateral, short; stigma 2-branched. Female flowers: calyx lobes (3-)4-6, broadly spatulate; ovary smooth, shortly stipitate; style lateral; stigma 2-branched. Fl. and fr. May-Jun.

Forests, along streams. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea (Cheju Island), Vietnam].

The bark fibers are used for making paper.


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