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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

79. Ficus heterophylla Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 442. 1782.

山榕 shan rong

Ficus heterophylla var. scabrella (Roxburgh) King; F. scabrella Roxburgh.

Shrubs, procumbent. Branchlets becoming reddish brown, slender, shortly pubescent. Stipules caducous, short, membranous. Leaves distichous; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, juvenile leaves usually pinnately lobed, (5-)7-10(-14) × (1.5-)2.5-4(-5) cm, papery, coarse with short and stiff hairs, base obtuse, rounded, or cordate, margin toothed or entire, apex slightly acuminate; secondary veins 4-8(-12) on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on leafy or older leafless branches, solitary, yellowish orange and smooth when mature, globose to pear-shaped, 1-2 cm in diam., tuberculate, coarsely hairy, base attenuate into slender stalk, apical pore navel-like, convex; peduncle 4-6 mm, pubescent; involucral bracts triangular, small. Male flowers: near apical pore; pedicellate; calyx deeply 3- or 4-lobed; stamen 1. Gall flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4; ovary ovoid; style lateral, short; stigma enlarged. Female flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes 4, white; style persistent, lateral, long; stigma cylindric. Achenes shortly ellipsoid, surface with a transparent membrane. Fl. Jul-Nov.

Moist valleys, along streams; 400-800 m. Guangdong, Hainan, S Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].


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