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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

93a. Ficus pumila var. pumila

薜荔(原变种) bi li (yuan bian zhong)

Ficus hanceana Maximowicz; F. stipulata Thunberg.

Leaves of 2 types. Leaves on sterile branchlets subsessile; leaf blade ovate-cordate, ca. 2.5 cm, ± leathery, base slightly asymmetric, apex acuminate. Leaves on fertile branchlets: petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade ovate-elliptic, 5-10 × 2-3.5 cm, leathery, abaxially yellow brown pubescent, adaxially glabrous. Figs pear-shaped to ± globose, 4-8 × 3-5 cm; peduncle short, thick; apical pore truncate or navel-like. Fl. and fr. May-Aug.

Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Vietnam].

This variety is very common in China. The leaves are used medicinally and the fruit are used to make a jelly.


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