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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

89. Ficus sagittata Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 83. 1790.

羊乳榕 yang ru rong

Ficus compressicaulis Blume; F. lanaoensis Merrill ex Sata; F. ramentacea Roxburgh.

Trees when mature, epiphytic vine when young. Branchlets pubescent, glabrescent, nodes with short roots. Stipules caducous, ovate-lanceolate, pubescent. Petiole ca. 1.5 cm, sparsely pubescent; leaf blade ovate to ovate-elliptic, 7-13(-20) × (3-)5-10(-14) cm, leathery, base rounded, ± cordate, or cordate, margin entire or slightly undulate, apex acute to mucronate; veins abaxially with hairs when young, glabrescent; basal lateral veins 2 or 4, secondary veins 5 or 6 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on leafy or on leafless branchlets, solitary or paired, occasionally in clusters or on shortly tuberculate branchlets from leafless branches, reddish orange when mature, ± globose, 0.8-1.5 cm in diam., hairy when young, base attenuate into a short stalk, inside without bristles, apical pore navel-like; peduncle short; involucral bracts caducous. Male flowers: near apical pore; calyx lobes 3; stamens 2; filaments connate; anthers mucronate. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 3; ovary obovoid; style lateral, short. Female flowers: calyx basally connate, apically 3-lobed; style lateral, long; stigma cylindric. Achenes ellipsoid. Fl. Dec-Mar.

Guangdong, SW Guangxi, Hainan, S Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam; Pacific Islands].


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