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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

33. Ficus squamosa Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 531. 1832.

肉托榕 rou tuo rong

Ficus pyrrhocarpa Kurz; F. saemocarpa Miquel.

Shrubs, short, erect, rooting adventitiously; dioecious. Branchlets and petioles densely coarsely brown hairy. Stipules lanceolate, 5-10 mm, abaxially with thick stiff rust-colored hairs on ridges. Leaves spirally arranged, clustered apically on branchlets; petiole 0.5-1 cm, densely covered with stiff thick rust-colored hairs; leaf blade oblanceolate to oblong, 4.5-13 × 1.2-3.2 cm, papery, abaxially with long thick rust-colored hairs on midvein but sparsely pubescent on other veins, adaxially dark green and sparsely covered with coarse stiff hairs, base narrowly cuneate, margin entire or apically sparsely toothed, apex acuminate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 6-8 on each side of midvein, apically curved and looped at margin. Figs axillary or on tuberculate branchlets from old stems, solitary, ± globose, 1.5-2 cm in diam., with prominent longitudinal ridges, densely covered with thick rust-colored hairs or villous, basally attenuated into a ca. 8 mm stalk, pedunculate; involucral bracts unequal. Male flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4; stamen 1; anther ovoid to obovoid. Gall flowers: calyx lobes transparent; ovary smooth, enclosed by calyx lobes; style lateral, short; stigma tubular. Female flowers: similar to gall flowers; style persistent silklike, with long hairs. Achenes rhombic-ovoid, with hairs.

Moist rain forests; 700-1100 m. S Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, N Thailand].


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