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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

4. Glochidion coccineum (Buchanan-Hamilton) Müller Argoviensis, Linnaea. 32: 60. 1863.

红算盘子 hong suan pan zi

Agyneia coccinea Buchanan-Hamilton in Symes, Embassy Ava, 479. 1800; Bradleia coccinea (Buchanan-Hamilton) Wallich; Diasperus coccineus (Buchanan-Hamilton) Kuntze; Episteira coccinea (Buchanan-Hamilton) Rafinesque; Phyllanthus coccineus (Buchanan-Hamilton) Müller Argoviensis.

Evergreen shrubs or trees, usually 1-4(-10) m tall, monoecious; branches angular, pubescent; branchlets shortly rufous pubescent and sinuous when young. Stipules triangular-lanceolate, pubescent; petiole 3-5 mm, pubescent; leaf blade oblong, oblong-elliptic, or acuminate, leathery, green adaxially, glaucous-green abaxially, brown when dry, nerves sparsely pubescent to glabrous on both surfaces; lateral veins 6-8 pairs. Flowers in axillary clusters, usually male inserted at lower part of branchlets, female inserted at upper part of branchlets. Male flowers: pedicels 5-15 mm, pubescent; sepals 6, biseriate, outer larger than inner, obovate or oblong-ovate, 2.5-4 mm, yellow, sparsely pubescent outside; stamens 4-6. Female flowers: pedicels very short or flowers sessile; sepals 6, obovate or obovate-lanceolate, slightly shorter than in male; connate styles subconical, ca. 1 mm. Capsules depressed globose, 6-7 × ca. 15 mm, puberulent, 10-grooved. Fl. Apr-Oct, fr. Aug-Dec.

Open forests or valley scrub, sometimes on limestone rocks; 400-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].


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