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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

7. Glochidion hirsutum (Roxburgh) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 153. 1845.

厚叶算盘子 hou ye suan pan zi

Bradleia hirsuta Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 3: 699. 1832; Agyneia hirsuta Miquel; Diasperus arnottianus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. hirsutus (Roxburgh) Kuntze; D. mishmiensis (J. D. Hooker) Kuntze; D. tomentosus (Dalzell) Kuntze; Glochidion arnottianum Müller Argoviensis; G. dasyphyllum K. Koch; G. dasyphyllum var. iriomatense Hurusawa; G. hongkongense Müller Argoviensis var. puberulum Chakrabarty & M. Gangopadhyay; G. mishmiense J. D. Hooker; G. molle Hooker & Arnott (1837), not Blume (1826); G. sphaerostigmum Hayata; G. tomentosum Dalzell; G. tomentosum var. talbotii J. D. Hooker; G. zeylanicum (Gaertner) A. Jussieu var. talbotii (J. D. Hooker) Haines; G. zeylanicum var. tomentosum Trimen; G. zeylanicum var. tomentosum (Dalzell) Chakrabarty & M. Gangopadhyay (1995), not Trimen (1885); Phyllanthus arnottianus (Müller Argoviensis) Müller Argoviensis; P. hirsutus (Rox burgh) Müller Argoviensis; P. tomentosus (Dalzell) Müller Argoviensis.

Shrubs or treelets, 1-8 m tall; branchlets densely villous. Stipules lanceolate, 3-4 mm; petiole 5-7 mm, pubescent; leaf blade ovate, oblong-ovate, or oblong, 7-15 × 4-7 cm, leathery, densely pubescent along nerves, adaxially glabrous at maturity, abaxially densely pubescent, base shallowly cordate, truncate, or rounded, obliquely inequilateral, apex obtuse or acute; lateral veins 6-10 pairs. Flowers usually in pedunculate supra-axillary cymes but apparently sometimes sessile and axillary; peduncle 5-7 mm, pubescent. Sepals 6, biseriate, pubescent outside, outer broader than inner. Male flowers: pedicels 6-10 mm; sepals oblong or obovate; stamens 5-8. Female flowers: pedicels 2-3 mm; sepals ovate or broadly ovate, ca. 2.5 mm; ovary globose, ca. 2 mm in diam., pubescent, 5- or 6-locular; style column subconical, truncate at apex. Capsules depressed globose, 8-12 mm in diam., pubescent, 5- or 6-grooved; styles of fruiting pedicels inconspicuous. Fl. and fr. almost throughout year.

Open moist forests, scrub on stream banks; 100-1800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [India].

This species is included within Glochidion zeylanicum (as var. talbotii Trimen) by some authors (Govaerts et al., World Checkl. Euphorbiaceae 3: 967. 2000).

The roots of Glochidion hirsutum are used as medicine for rheumatism and pneumonia; the leaves are used for treating toothaches.


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