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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Goodyera

18. Goodyera foliosa (Lindley) Bentham ex C. B. Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 73. 1889.

多叶斑叶兰 duo ye ban ye lan

Georchis foliosa Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 496. 1840; Cystorchis nebularum Hance; Epipactis foliosa (Lindley) A. A. Eaton; E. nebularum (Hance) A. A. Eaton; Goodyera chilanensis S. S. Ying; G. commelinoides Fukuyama; G. foliosa var. alba S. Y. Hu & Barretto; G. maximowicziana Makino f. commelinoides (Fukuyama) Hiroe; G. maximowicziana var. commelinoides (Fukuyama) Masamune; G. nebularum (Hance) Rolfe; G. pachyglossa Hayata; G. sonoharae Fukuyama; Orchiodes foliosa (Lindley) Kuntze; Peramium pachyglossum (Hayata) Makino.

Plants terrestrial, 15-25 cm tall. Rhizome slender, few noded. Stem erect or ascending, 9-17 cm, 4-6-leaved. Leaves widely spaced along stem, green, without white markings, ovate to oblong, oblique, 2.5-7.5 × 1.6-3 cm, base truncate or rounded, apex acute; petiole-like base and tubular sheath 1-2 cm. Peduncle green, 2.5-5 cm, pubescent, with 1 or 2 sterile bracts; rachis 3-6 cm, subdensely to densely 3-15-flowered, secund; floral bracts lanceolate, 10-15 × 2-2.5 mm, exceeding flowers, pubescent. Flowers opening weakly, white tinged pink, greenish white, or white, medium-sized; pedicel and ovary cylindric-fusiform, 8-10 mm, pubescent. Sepals similar, outer surface pubescent, 1-veined; dorsal sepal narrowly ovate, 5-8 × 3.5-4 mm, concave, apex obtuse; lateral sepals ovate, 5-8 × 3.5-4 mm, apex obtuse. Petals rhombic, oblique, 5-8 × 3.5-4 mm, 1-veined, narrowly contracted at base, apex obtuse; lip ovate, 6-8 × 3.5-4.5 mm; hypochile concave-saccate, inside papillose; epichile ligulate, 2-3 mm, apex slightly recurved. Column ca. 3 mm; anther ovoid, ca. 4 mm; pollinia ca. 3 mm; rostellum ca. 2.5 mm, remnant deeply bifid. Fl. Jul-Sep. 2n = 28, 56.

Forests, damp places along valleys; 300-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, SE Xizang, SE and W Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam].


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