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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Holopogon

2. Holopogon smithianus (Schlechter) S. C. Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 179. 1997.

叉唇无喙兰 cha chun wu hui lan

Neottia smithiana Schlechter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 375. 1924; Archineottia smithiana (Schlechter) S. C. Chen; N. kungii Tang & F. T. Wang.

Plants 10-29 cm tall, usually growing in clumps. Rhizome short; roots tufted, fleshy. Inflorescence reddish brown; peduncle with 3-5 sheaths; sheaths tubular, 1-4 cm, membranous; rachis 6-8 cm, 15-25-flowered, papillose-pubescent; floral bracts ovate or ovate-elliptic, 6-7 mm, abaxially sparsely papillose-pubescent. Flowers spreading, resupinate, zygomorphic, green; pedicel 3-5 mm, papillose-pubescent; ovary ellipsoid, 3-4 mm, papillose-pubescent. Sepals narrowly ovate-elliptic, 2.5-3 × 0.8-1.5 mm, with a prominent midvein, outer surfaces sometimes sparsely papillose-pubescent toward base; lateral sepals slightly oblique. Petals linear, 2.5-3 × ca. 0.5 mm, with a prominent midvein; lip distinct from petals, subobovate-cuneate or oblong-obovate, 6-8 × ca. 2.5 mm, base contracted, margin sparsely ciliate, apex 2-lobed; apical lobes subparallel, narrowly ovate, divided by a sinus ca. 1.5 × 1 mm; disk with a pair of inconspicuous longitudinal ridges near base. Column slightly curved forward, 2-3 mm; anther suberect; filament conspicuous, ca. as long as anther. Fl. Jul-Sep.

● Thickets, forests; 1500-3300 m. S Shaanxi, SW Sichuan.


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