1. Hypochaeris maculata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 810. 1753.
新疆猫儿菊 xin jiang mao er ju
Achyrophorus maculata (Linnaeus) Scopoli; Trommsdorffia maculata (Linnaeus) Bernhardi.
Herbs 30-120 cm tall, perennial, rosulate, with a taproot. Stem erect, simple or sparingly branched, hirsute, leafless or with 1(-3) leaves, base with dark brown residues of old leaf bases. Rosette leaves subovate, lanceolate, elliptic, or oblanceolate, 6-15 × 2-4 cm, often with reddish brownish blotches, hispidulous, basally ± attenuate, margin sinuate-dentate to subentire, apex obtusely rounded to acute. Stem leaf or leaves if any narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, smaller than rosette leaves otherwise similar. Capitula 1-3, terminal, long pedunculate, with many florets. Involucre broadly campanulate to hemispheric, 1.5-2 × 1-2.5 cm. Outer phyllaries linear-lanceolate, hirsute, apex acute; inner phyllaries lanceolate, abaxially glabrous, apex acuminate. Florets yellow. Achene to 2 cm; body pale brown, ± fusiform, with 5 ribs, rugose, apically attenuate into a slender beak as long as or slightly longer than body. Pappus 7-12 mm, all bristles plumose. Fl. and fr. Jun-Aug. 2n = 10, 20.
Grassy slopes in mountainous regions, river valleys, forests, forest margins; above 1000 m. Xinjiang [Russia; Europe].