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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

112. Ilex chuniana S. Y. Hu, J. Arnold Arbor. 32: 397. 1951.

铁仔冬青 tie zi dong qing

Shrubs or small trees, evergreen, ca. 4 m tall. Branchlets slender, longitudinally striate, pubescent. Stipules persistent, minute; petiole 3-5 mm, puberulent, longitudinally sulcate; leaf blade olivaceous or brown when dry, not shiny, lanceolate, rarely narrowly elliptic, 3-5.5 × 0.9-1.5 cm, subleathery, both surfaces glabrous, midvein impressed adaxially, lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs, obscure on both surfaces, base acute or acuminate, margin bluntly crenulate-serrate, apex obtuse. Inflorescences: 1-flowered cymes, fasciculate, axillary. Male inflorescences: pedicels ca. 2 mm, glabrous; bracteoles 2, basal; flowers yellow-white, 4-merous; calyx patelliform, ca. 2 mm in diam., lobes ciliate; corolla rotate, ca. 4 mm in diam., petals ovate, ca. 1.5 mm; stamens ca. as long as petals, anthers ovoid; rudimentary ovary subglobose. Female flowers not known. Fruit red when dry, subglobose-ellipsoidal, ca. 5.5 mm, ca. 4.5 mm in diam.; fruiting pedicel ca. 2 mm, sparsely puberulent; persistent calyx explanate, quadrangular, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., ciliate; persistent stigma thickly discoid, 4-lobed; pyrenes 4, ca. 4.5 mm, ca. 3 mm in diam., abaxially palmately striate, not sulcate, sparsely puberulent, endocarp woody. Fl. Oct-Dec, fr. Nov-Jan.

● Mountain forests; ca. 1000 m. S Guangdong (Taishan), Hainan.


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