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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

127. Ilex dunniana H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 458. 1911.

龙里冬青 long li dong qing

Ilex chieniana S. Y. Hu; I. fangii (Rehder) S. Y. Hu; I. intermedia Loesener var. fangii (Rehder) S. Y. Hu; I. latifolia Thunberg var. fangii Rehder.

Trees evergreen, 2-10 m tall. Branchlets brown, longitudinally ridged and sulcate, glabrous or slightly puberulent near apex; terminal buds conical, glabrous, current year’s branchlets with lenticels often coalescent, second and third year’s branchlets without lenticels. Petiole 8-10 mm, abaxially transversely rugose, adaxially longitudinally sulcate, glabrous or slightly puberulent; leaf blade green, broadly elliptic to lanceolate, 8-13 × 2.5-7 cm, thickly leathery, both surfaces glabrous, midvein impressed, and glabrous or slightly minutely puberulent adaxially, lateral veins 8-10 pairs, raised on both surfaces, branching and anastomosing near base, reticulate veins obscure on both surfaces, base obtuse or cuneate, margin densely sharply serrate, teeth black, apex acuminate, acumen 6-12 mm. Inflorescences: cymes, fasciculate, pseudopaniculate, or pseudoracemose, axillary on current year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1-3-flowered, fasciculate, or pseudopaniculate; rachis 4-7 mm; peduncles 1-2 mm; pedicels 2-3 mm, glabrous or puberulent; bracteoles 2, basal; flowers green, 4-merous; calyx patelliform, deeply 4-lobed, lobes ovate-deltoid, not ciliate; corolla rotate, petals 4, oblong, ca. 3 × 2 mm, basally slightly connate; stamens ca. as long as petals, anthers ovoid-oblong; rudimentary ovary subglobose, apex obtuse or minutely depressed. Female inflorescences: 1-flowered cymes, pseudoracemose, axillary; pedicels 3-4 mm, glabrous or puberulent; bracteoles 2, basal; calyx as in male flowers; petals ovate-oblong, 2-2.5 × ca. 1.5 mm; staminodes ca. 3/4 as long as petals, sterile anthers ovoid-sagittate; ovary subglobose, stigma discoid, 4-lobed. Infructescences: rachis 5-10 mm thick; fruiting pedicels ca. 5 mm; persistent bracteoles 2, subbasal. Fruit red, depressed globose, 4-5 mm in diam., minutely tuberculate; persistent calyx explanate; persistent stigma thickly discoid, evidently 4-lobed; pyrenes 4, ovoid-trigonous, ca. 2.5 mm, ca. 2 mm in diam., abaxially irregularly reticulately striate, rugose, endocarp stony. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct.

● Broad-leaved forests, thickets, slopes; 700-2200 m. E Guizhou, W Hubei, SW Sichuan, NE Yunnan.


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