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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

9. Ilex editicostata Hu & T. Tang, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 9: 248. 1940.

显脉冬青 xian mai dong qing

Ilex chowii S. Y. Hu; I. editicostata var. chowii (S. Y. Hu) S. Y. Hu.

Shrubs to small trees, evergreen, 6-15 m tall. Young branchlets brown-black, robust, angular; older branchlets castaneous-gray to black; lenticels sparse, circular, indistinct; leaf scars semicircular, large, slightly raised; terminal buds conical, ca. 5 mm, yellow-white ciliate. Petiole robust, 1-3 cm; leaf blade green, lanceolate or oblong, 10-17 × 3-8.5 cm, leathery, glabrous, midvein conspicuously raised adaxially, lateral veins 10-12 pairs, often obscure on both surfaces, reticulate veins sometimes evident, base cuneate, margin entire, recurved, apex acuminate, acumen 5-15 mm. Inflorescences: cymes solitary, axillary on current year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 2 or 3; peduncles 1.2-1.8 cm, glabrous; pedicels 3-8 mm, glabrous; bracteoles 1 or 2, basal, ovate-deltoid, or deciduous; flowers white, 4- or 5-merous; calyx shallowly cup-shaped, 2-3 mm in diam., shallowly 4- or 5-lobed, lobes broadly deltoid, ca. 1 mm, ciliate; corolla rotate, ca. 5 mm in diam., petals reflexed at anthesis, broadly ovate, ca. 3 × 2 mm, basally slightly connate; stamens shorter than petals, anthers ovoid-oblong; rudimentary ovary pulvinate. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1-3-fruited. Fruit red, subglobose or narrowly globose, (6-)9-10(-12) mm in diam.; persistent calyx explanate, ca. 4 mm in diam., shallow lobes broadly deltoid, ciliate; persistent stigma thinly discoid, shallowly 5-lobed; pyrenes 4-6, oblong, 7-8 mm, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., abaxially shallowly 1-sulcate, endocarp subwoody. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Aug-Dec.

● Evergreen broad-leaved forests, forest margins on mountain slopes; 500-1700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang.


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