28. Ilex ferruginea Handel-Mazzetti, Symb. Sin. 7: 657. 1933.
锈毛冬青 xiu mao dong qing
Shrubs or trees, evergreen, 2.5-10 m tall. Branchlets terete, young branchlets ferruginous-yellow villous. Petiole 2-4 mm, adaxially flat or slightly impressed, ferruginous villous; leaf blade ovate or ovate-elliptic, 2-7 × 1.5-3.5 cm, leathery, midvein flat adaxially, ferruginous villous on both surfaces, lateral veins 8-10 pairs, distinct on both surfaces, base rounded, rarely shallowly cordate to obtuse, margin sparsely crenate-serrate, teeth black, apex acuminate. Inflorescences: cymes, solitary, axillary at scales or leaves of current year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 1-3, 1-6-flowered; peduncles 3-6 mm; pedicels 1-3 mm; flowers 5-7-merous; calyx subcampanulate, pubescent, deeply lobed; lobes ovate-deltoid, ca. 1 mm, ciliate; petals ovate-oblong, basally slightly connate, margin erose; stamens 5-7, ca. as long as petals, anthers oblong; rudimentary ovary subglobose, rostellate. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1-3-fruited; peduncles 6-10 mm; fruiting pedicels 6-9 mm, villous; bracteoles 2, linear, villous. Fruit brown, shiny, subglobose, 5-7 mm in diam., rugose when dry; persistent calyx patelliform, explanate, villous, ciliate, (4 or)5-lobed; persistent stigma capitate; pyrenes 4-6, abaxially 1-sulcate. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Sep-Oct.
● Dense forests on mountain slopes; 1000-1900 m. Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan.