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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

139. Ilex guangnanensis C. J. Tseng & Y. R. Li, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 5(1): 18. 1985.

广南冬青 guang nan dong qing

Trees evergreen, 6-15 m tall; bark gray. Current year’s branchlets gray-green, slender, longitudinally angular and sulcate, glabrous; second to third year’s branchlets brown-yellow, leaf scars convex, deltoid-semicircular, lenticels absent; terminal buds narrowly conical, glabrous, apically acuminate, bud scales sparsely ciliate. Stipules caducous; petiole 5-9 mm, raised abaxially, narrowly sulcate adaxially; leaf blade oblong-elliptic or obovate-elliptic, 4-8 × (1.3-)2-2.5 cm, leathery, lateral veins 9-11 pairs, conspicuous abaxially, obscure adaxially, reticulate veins evident only abaxially, base obtuse or broadly cuneate, margin undulate, conspicuously serrate, apex acuminate-caudate or falcate. Inflorescences: cymes, fasciculate, axillary on current year’s branchlets; flowers 4-merous. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1-3-flowered; peduncles nearly absent; pedicels very short, ca. 1 mm, glabrous; bracteoles 2, basal, ovate, ca. 1.5 mm, apex obtuse, ciliate; calyx patelliform, ca. 3 mm in diam., deeply 4-lobed, lobes ovate, ca. 1 mm, ciliate; corolla rotate, 5-6 mm in diam., petals oblong, ca. 2.5 × 2 mm, basally slightly connate, apex rounded; stamens shorter than petals, anthers ovoid, ca. 1 mm; rudimentary ovary ovoid, ca. 1 mm in diam., apex obtuse-rounded, shallowly 4-lobed. Female inflorescences: 1-flowered cymes; pedicels ca. 1.5 mm; bracteoles 2, basal, ovate, minutely ciliate; calyx patelliform, lobes broadly ovate-deltoid, ciliate; petals oblong, ca. 3 × 1.5 mm; staminodes shorter than petals, sterile anthers ovoid; ovary ovoid-globose, ca. 2 mm in diam., stigma convex, shallowly 4-lobed. Fruit red, globose, ca. 7 mm in diam.; fruiting pedicel ca. 2 mm, glabrous; bracteoles 2, basal; persistent calyx explanate, not quadrangular, 2.5-3 mm in diam.; persistent stigma thickly discoid, 4-lobed; pyrenes 4, ellipsoidal, ca. 4.5 mm, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., abaxially palmately thinly striate, subsmooth, inconspicuously sulcate, laterally nearly smooth, inconspicuously striate, endocarp bony. Fl. Mar, fr. Jun-Nov.

● Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 1100-1600 m. SE Yunnan (Guangnan).


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