29. Ilex manneiensis S. Y. Hu, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 298. 1949.
红河冬青 hong he dong qing
Ilex manneiensis var. glabra C. Y. Wu ex Y. R. Li.
Shrubs or trees, evergreen, (2-)5-8(-20) m tall. Branches deep brown, stout, rugose; young branchlets yellow villous; terminal buds large, 5-8 mm, bud scales densely long ciliate. Petiole 1.5-2 cm, yellowish pubescent when young, then glabrescent or pubescent along groove; leaf blade elliptic, 8-12 × 2.5-4 cm, thinly leathery, midvein abaxially raised and densely and deciduously yellowish tomentose, adaxially flat or slightly raised, and pubescent, lateral veins 15-17 pairs, subparallel, raised on both surfaces, anastomosing near margin, reticulate veins evident abaxially, indistinct adaxially, base rounded to cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate. Inflorescences: cymes, solitary, axillary on current year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 2 or 3, 3(-5)-flowered; peduncles 5-12 mm, very compressed; pedicels 2-4 mm; calyx connate at base, ciliate; stamens ca. 3/4 as long as petals, anthers oblong; rudimentary ovary ovoid-globose, apex shallowly 4-lobed. Female inflorescences: cymes of order 2, 3-flowered, pubescent; peduncle, pedicels, calyx, and corolla as in male flowers; staminodes slightly shorter than petals, sterile anthers sagittate-ovoid; ovary conical-globose, style conspicuous, stigma shallowly 4-lobed. Fruit black, globose, 6-8 mm in diam.; persistent calyx explanate; persistent stigma discoid; pyrenes 4-6, oblong, trigonous in cross section, ca. 8 mm, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., abaxially smooth, shallowly and broadly 1-sulcate, endocarp woody. Fl. unknown, fr. Oct-Nov.
● Forests; 2400-3200 m. Yunnan.