44. Ilex maximowicziana Loesener, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 78: 339. 1901.
倒卵叶冬青 dao luan ye dong qing
Ilex lilongshanensis H. E. Chiang.
Trees evergreen, small, 2.5-3 m tall; trunk to 4 cm d.b.h. Young branchlets subquadrangular, longitudinally angular and sulcate, puberulent; older branchlets gray-brown, terete, longitudinally ridged, puberulent, lenticels absent, leaf scars raised. Stipules linear-lanceolate, minute; petiole 5-10 mm, shallowly sulcate, slightly puberulent, narrowly winged by decurrent leaf base; leaf blade adaxially shiny, obovate, elliptic, or broadly elliptic, 2-6 × 1-2.5 cm, leathery, abaxially brown glandular punctate, adaxially glabrous except on midvein, midvein adaxially impressed, puberulent, lateral veins slightly evident or indistinct on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin crenate-serrate, apex obtuse or acute, rarely rounded. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1-3-flowered, fasciculate, axillary on current year’s branchlets; peduncles 5-11 mm; terminal bracts 2; pedicels 1.5-2 mm, puberulent; bracteoles 2, basal, ovate; calyx patelliform, deeply 4-lobed, lobes broadly ovate, ca. 1.5 mm, apex rounded; corolla white, rotate, petals 4, ovate, ca. 3 × 2 mm, basally slightly connate; stamens shorter than petals, anthers oblong; rudimentary ovary subglobose, rostellate. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: cymes of order 1(or 2), 1(-3)-flowered, solitary, axillary on current year’s branchlets. Fruit globose, 7-8 mm in diam., fruiting pedicel 8-12 mm, longitudinally angular, puberulent; bracteoles 2, median, subulate; persistent calyx explanate, quadrangular, ca. 4 mm in diam., deeply 4-lobed, lobes suborbicular, margin slightly erose; persistent stigma thinly discoid, ca. 2 mm in diam.; pyrenes 4, ovoid-ellipsoidal, ca. 5 mm, ca. 4 mm in diam., abaxially smooth, 5-striate, not sulcate, not rugose, endocarp leathery. Fl. Apr, fr. Aug-Nov.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests on mountains; 100-400 m. Taiwan (Pingdong, Taidong) [Japan].