21. Ilex melanophylla H. T. Chang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni. 1959(2): 39. 1959.
黑叶冬青 hei ye dong qing
Shrubs evergreen, ca. 5 m tall. Branchlets brown-purple, subterete, stout, ca. 5 mm in diam., plicate, glabrous throughout; terminal buds glabrous or ciliate. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, flat adaxially, broadly winged, glabrous; leaf blade purple-brown when dry, shiny, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, (6-)6.5-8(-11.5) × 3-4(-6) cm, thickly leathery, both surfaces glabrous, midvein raised on both surfaces, lateral veins 10-14 pairs, and reticulate veins slightly raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, base obtuse or cuneate and decurrent, margin entire, slightly recurved, apex shortly acuminate. Flowers not known. Infructescences: cymes of order 2, 3-fruited, solitary, axillary; peduncles 1-1.2 mm; fruiting pedicels 4-5 mm, compressed, glabrous. Fruit red, globose, ca. 6 mm in diam.; persistent calyx patelliform, ca. 3 mm in diam., glabrous, 6-lobed, lobes suborbicular, not ciliate; persistent stigma thickly discoid or mammilliform; pyrenes 6, oblong, ca. 6 mm, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., abaxially flat or slightly broadly sulcate, endocarp substony. Fl. unknown, fr. Nov.
● Dense mixed forests; 300-1200 m. Guangdong (Lechang), Guangxi (Pingnan), Hunan.