100. Ilex melanotricha Merrill, Brittonia. 4: 101. 1941.
黑毛冬青 hei mao dong qing
Ilex fargesii Franchet subsp. melanotricha (Merrill) S. Andrews.
Trees evergreen, 5-10 m tall. Branchlets brown or deep brown, slightly thick, longitudinally ridged and sulcate, glabrous; second year’s branchlets with raised deltoid-rounded leaf scars, lenticels absent; terminal buds narrowly conical, bud scales ciliate, apically acute. Leaves on first to second year’s branchlets; petiole 1-1.7 cm, abaxially subrounded, adaxially shallowly sulcate, glabrous, narrowly winged by decurrent leaf base; leaf blade abaxially greenish, adaxially deep green, not shiny, oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 6.5-13 × 2.5-5 cm, subleathery, both surfaces glabrous, midvein impressed adaxially, lateral veins 10-13 pairs, evident abaxially, obscure adaxially, reticulate veins evident abaxially, indistinct adaxially, base cuneate or obtuse, margin serrulate, teeth black, apex acuminate. Inflorescences: cymes, pseudopaniculate or pseudoracemose, axillary on second year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 2 or 3, 3- or 4-flowered, pseudopaniculate; rachis 6-10 mm, glabrous; bracts caducous, ovate, ciliate; peduncles 2-3 mm, puberulent; pedicels 3-4 mm, puberulent; bracteoles 2, submedian, ovate-lanceolate, ciliate; flowers fragrant, greenish, 4-merous; calyx deeply 4-lobed, lobes deltoid, apex obtuse or rounded, ciliate; corolla ca. 6 mm in diam., petals 4, obovate-oblong, ca. 3 × 2 mm, slightly ciliate, basally slightly connate; stamens 4, slightly shorter than petals, anthers ovoid-oblong, ca. 1 mm; rudimentary ovary subglobose, 0.5-0.75 mm in diam., papillose, apex obtuse, minutely 4-lobed. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: 1-fruited cymes, pseudoracemose; rachis 3-5 mm, puberulent; fruiting pedicels 4-7 mm, puberulent; persistent bracteoles 2, median, ovate, ciliate. Fruit red, globose, 4-7 mm in diam., longitudinally sulcate; glabrous; persistent calyx explanate, subquadrangular, ca. 2 mm in diam., lobes ciliate; persistent stigma flat, discoid, minutely 4-lobed; pyrenes 4, oblong-ellipsoidal, 3.5-4.5 mm, 2.5-3 mm in diam., abaxially palmately 6- or 7-striate, sulcate, or longitudinally ridged and 2-sulcate, laterally striate-sulcate, endocarp woody. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Oct-Nov.
Forests, hills; 1500-3400 m. Chongqing (Nanchuan), SE Xizang, NW Yunnan [N Myanmar].