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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

75. Ilex perlata C. Chen & S. C. Huang ex Y. R. Li, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 5(1): 8. 1985.

巨叶冬青 ju ye dong qing

Shrubs or small trees, evergreen. Branchlets black-purple or brown, terete, robust, with distinctly raised rounded leaf scars; terminal buds narrowly conical, slightly pubescent. Petiole 1.8-2.5 cm, thick, abaxially rugose and longitudinally striate and sulcate, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade adaxially olivaceous or brown-olivaceous when dry, shiny, elliptic or oblong, (20-)30-36 × (8-)9-13 cm, leathery, abaxially very shortly puberulent and minutely glandular punctate, midvein impressed adaxially, lateral veins 15-20 pairs, slightly raised on both surfaces, reticulate veins obscure abaxially, slightly raised adaxially, base obtuse or broadly cuneate, margin revolute, sparsely serrate, teeth incurved, apex acuminate or falcate-acuminate. Inflorescences: cymes, pseudopaniculate or fasciculate, axillary, on first to second year’s branchlets; rachis, peduncle, and pedicels puberulent; bracts and bracteoles ovate-deltoid, ciliate; flowers purple-red, 4-merous. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1- or 3-flowered; pedicels 5-6 mm; calyx cup-shaped, ca. 3 mm in diam., sparsely puberulent, 4-lobed, lobes orbicular, ciliate; petals 4, obovate-oblong, ca. 4 mm, nearly free; stamens ca. 2/3 as long as petals, anthers ellipsoidal, ca. 2 mm; rudimentary ovary conical, 1-1.5 mm. Female inflorescences: cymes of order 1 or 2, 1- or 3-flowered; pedicels 5-6 mm, thick, puberulent; bracteoles basal; calyx ca. 2.5 mm, ca. 3 mm in diam., sparsely puberulent, lobes orbicular, ciliate; petals free, obovate-oblong, 5-5.5 × ca. 3 mm; staminodes ca. 1/2 as long as petals, sterile anthers sagittate; ovary ellipsoidal-globose, 3-5 mm, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., stigma discoid, 4-lobed. Fruit subglobose, ca. 9 mm, ca. 8 mm in diam., rugose; persistent calyx explanate; persistent stigma thinly discoid; pyrenes 4, ellipsoidal, ca. 6 mm, ca. 3.5 mm in diam., abaxially longitudinally deeply sulcate, rugose and pitted, laterally irregularly striate, pitted. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Jun.

● Moist dense forests; 100-800 m. SE Yunnan (Hekou).


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