5. Ilex tugitakayamensis Sasaki, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa. 21: 153. 1931.
雪山冬青 xue shan dong qing
Trees evergreen. Branches robust, glabrous; branchlets brown when dry, angular-plicate, lenticels absent; leaf scars deltoid. Petiole 2-2.5 cm, adaxially shallowly and broadly sulcate, glabrous; leaf blade yellowish brown or brown when dry, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 10-14 × 3-5 cm, thickly leathery, both surfaces glabrous, midvein raised on both surfaces, lateral veins 12-14 pairs, raised on both surfaces, furcate and anastomosing near margin, reticulate veins inconspicuous on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin entire, apex shortly acuminate. Flowers not known. Infructescences: cymes, 5-7-fruited, solitary, axillary on current year’s branchlets; peduncles 8-9 mm, compressed, puberulent; bracts linear, sparsely puberulent; fruiting pedicels very short, 0.5-1 mm. Fruit ellipsoidal-globose, 5-7 mm, ca. 5 mm in diam.; persistent calyx explanate, ca. 4 mm in diam., shallowly 5-lobed, lobes deltoid, densely pubescent and ciliate; persistent stigma navel-like, inconspicuously 5- or 6-lobed; pyrenes 4-6, ellipsoidal, ca. 4 mm, ca. 2.5 mm in diam., abaxially flat or slightly sulcate, endocarp leathery, smooth. Fl. unknown, fr. Oct.
● Mountain forests; 1500-2500 m. Taiwan (?Taidong, Taizhong, Xinzhu).