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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Sapindaceae | Lepisanthes

2. Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poiret) Leenhouts, Blumea. 17: 85. 1969.

滇赤才 dian chi cai

Sapindus senegalensis Poiret in Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 666. 1804; Aphania rubra (Roxburgh) Radlkofer; S. ruber (Roxburgh) Kurz; Scytalia rubra Roxburgh ["rubia"].

Trees or shrubs, evergreen, 4-6 m tall or more. Branches terete, glabrous. Leaves with petiole to 60 cm, axis strong, stout, grooved; leaflets 3-6 pairs; petiolule ca. 1 cm, stout; blades olive-green when dry, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 15-40 × 4-14 cm, subleathery, glabrous, base rounded or sometimes nearly cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate or shortly acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, usually shorter than leaves. Pedicels 1-2 mm. Smaller sepals broadly ovate, 1.2-2 mm; larger ones suborbicular, 2.5-3 mm in diam. Petals 5 or sometimes 4, purplish red, broadly ovate, 4-5 × 3-3.5 mm, apex rounded or subtruncate; scales ciliate. Stamens 8 or sometimes 7; filaments ca. 1.5 mm, middle part slightly inflated, villous; anthers oblong, connectives slightly prominent. Ovary obcordiform, usually 2-lobed, 2-loculed; style short, stout; stigma shallowly 2-lobed. Fruit purplish red; fertile schizocarp ellipsoid, ca. 1.6 × 0.8 cm. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. May.

Wet valleys. Guangxi, S Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indochinese peninsula, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka; Africa, Madagascar].


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