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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Mallotus

28. Mallotus lianus Croizat, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 140. 1938.

东南野桐 dong nan ye tong

Mallotus japonicus (Linnaeus f.) Müller Argoviensis var. austrochinensis Hurusawa.

Shrubs or small trees, 2-15 m tall. Branchlets and petioles dull ferruginous stellate-tomentose. Stipules subtriangular, ca. 1 mm, deciduous; petiole 5-14 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate or orbicular-ovate, 9-18 × 7-15 cm, papery, abaxially reddish stellate-pubescent, sparsely orange or reddish glandular-scaly, adaxially glabrescent, base obtuse or subtruncate, sometimes slightly cordate, narrowly peltate or not peltate, with 2-4 glands, margin entire, apex acute or acuminate; basal veins 3-5. Male inflorescences often branched, 10-30 cm, reddish tomentulose; bracts ovate, ca. 1.5 mm. Male flowers 3-9-fascicled; pedicel 4-5 mm; calyx lobes 3 or 4, subovate, 2.5-3 mm, tomentulose; stamens 50-80. Female inflorescences branched or unbranched, (10-)15-32 cm, tomentulose; bracts subovate, 1.5-2 mm. Female flowers: pedicel 2-3 mm; sepals 4 or 5, triangular, 1.5-2 mm, tomentulose; ovary subglobose, densely stellate-pubescent and softly spiny; styles 3, 6-7(-10) mm, basally connate, plumose. Capsule globose, 1-1.2 cm in diam., tomentose and softly spiny, spines subulate, 5-7 mm, stellate-pubescent. Seeds ovoid or subglobose, ca. 5 mm, black, sparsely verrucose or verruculose. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Nov-Dec.

● Mountain valleys, forests; 200-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, S Hunan, S Jiangxi, S Zhejiang.


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