4. Meconopsis paniculata (D. Don) Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 64: 316. 1896.
锥花绿绒蒿 zhui hua lü rong hao
Papaver paniculatum D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 197. 1825; Meconopsis napaulensis Candolle; M. paniculata var. elata Prain; Stylophorum nepalense (Candolle) Sprengel.
Herbs, monocarpic, to 2.5 m tall in flower. Taproot radishlike, or long and narrow, to 18 × 2 cm. Stems terete, branched, yellow or rufous barbellate-pubescent, with a sparse underlay of similar but much shorter hairs. Basal leaves in a dense evergreen rosette; petiole to 28 cm; blade variously shaped, lanceolate, oblong, or oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, 25-49 × 6.5-12 cm, usually near base pinnatisect, near apex pinnatifid; lobes 6-10 pairs, lanceolate, oblong, or deltoid, margin entire or lobed, apex acute or rounded; lower lobes distant, both surfaces densely yellow barbellate-setose, with an underlay of similar but much shorter hairs. Lower cauline leaves similar to basal leaves but shortly petiolate; upper cauline leaves sessile, lanceolate, pilose like basal leaves, base amplexicaul or auriculate, apex obtuse or rounded. Inflorescence paniculate below, racemose above, with lowermost peduncles 3-9-flowered; flowers cup- to saucer-shaped, horizontal to nodding; peduncles 11-19 cm, pubescent like stems. Pedicel 4.7-13.5 cm (to 20 cm in fruit), slender, pubescent like stems, densely so apically. Petals 4, rarely 5, cream to yellow, obovate to suborbicular, 3.2-5.7 × 3-4.8 cm. Filaments similar in color to petals, filiform; anthers yellow to orange. Ovary spherical or nearly so, golden barbellate-tomentose; styles distinct, 6-9 mm (to 13 mm in fruit), near base obviously thickened; stigmas purple or reddish purple, 6-12-lobed. Capsule ellipsoid to ellipsoid-oblong, 1.5-4 × 1.1-1.5 cm, densely golden barbellate-tomentose, sometimes becoming subglabrescent, 6-12-valvate a short distance from top. Seeds reniform, shorter than 1 mm, adaxially alveolate when dried. Fl. Jun-Aug.
Grassy slopes, forest understories and margins, channel sides, roadsides, shrublands; 3000-4400 m. S Xizang [Bhutan, NE India, Nepal].