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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Papaveraceae | Meconopsis

6. Meconopsis smithiana (Handel-Mazzetti) G. Taylor ex Handel-Mazzetti, Symb. Sin. 7: 337. 1931.

贡山绿绒蒿 gong shan lü rong hao

Cathcartia smithiana Handel-Mazzetti, Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. 60: 182. 1923.

Herbs, perennial, 30-90 cm tall in flower. Rootstock short, plump, with persistent leaf bases, densely caespitose, brown, usually shortly branched, hirsute. Stems simple, distantly compressed or slightly deflexed, barbellate-hirsute, becoming glabrescent, invested at base with dead leaf remains. Cauline leaves distant, lowermost petiolate; petiole 2.5-4 cm, compressed- or slightly deflexed hirsute; blade trifoliolate, ca. 8 × 7-8 cm, both surfaces sparsely appressed barbellate-hirsute; terminal leaflet broadly ovate or suborbicular, often 7-lobed; lateral leaflets 1-2 cm or more distant from terminal leaflet, usually 3-lobed, petiolules ca. 1 cm or absent; upper leaves sessile or with petiole to 1 cm; blade broadly ovate, pinnatilobate, upward gradually smaller and fewer lobed. Flowers ca. 4, forming racemes, bracteate. Sepals pilose. Petals 4, yellow, broadly obovate, ca. 18 × 1.8 mm, apically slightly incised. Ovary spheroidal, densely appressed brown hirsute; styles very short or absent; stigmas 5-lobed. Capsule obconical, ca. 1.5 cm, apex ca. 1 cm, sparsely brown villous, 7-valvate from apex for 1/3 capsule length. Seeds elliptic, with raised longitudinal stripes. Fl. Jun-Aug.

Moist forests, forest margins, moist grasslands on slopes; 3100-3400 m. NW Yunnan (Gongshan) [NE Myanmar].


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